What is CBD and how does it work?

Updated: Jan 8, 2019

CBD. What is it? Where does it come from? How is it used? Why is my friend's dog taking it? Can it be beneficial to me? These are all great and common questions we get. We will do our best to explain things in a way that is easy to understand and give you a brief overview of CBD and how it works within the body. So, let’s dive right into it.

CBD is an incredible botanical found within the hemp plant and offers a variety of benefits

CBD stands for cannabidiol, which is a non-psychoactive phytocannabinoid found within the hemp plant. In other words, CBD will not get you high. CBD has significant medical benefits and is becoming increasingly popular among the medical community because it provides a natural and safe remedy to a wide range of ailments. Patients and health-conscious individuals are running toward CBD instead of other pharmaceuticals because of its lack of side effects and natural, holistic benefits for a variety of conditions:

Acne ADHD Addiction

ALS Alzheimer’s Anorexia

Anxiety Atherosclerosis Arthritis

Asthma Autism Bipolar Affective Disorder

Cancer Crohn’s & Colitis Depression

Endocrine Disorders Epilepsy & Seizures Fibromyalgia

Glaucoma Heart Disease Huntington’s Disease

Inflammation Irritable Bowel Syndrome Kidney Disease

Liver Disease Metabolic Syndrome Migraines

Mood Disorders Motion Sickness Multiple Sclerosis

Nausea Neurodegeneration Neuropathic Pain

Obesity OCD Parkinson’s Disease

MCD PTSD Rheumatism

Schizophrenia Sickle Cell Anemia Skin Conditions

Sleep Disorders Spinal Cord Injury Stress


While this is not a comprehensive list of conditions one could benefit from CBD, it is certainly a great starting point, and there is scientific research behind every condition mentioned above. So how does CBD work to benefit those struggling from these conditions?

First, we must talk about the endocannabinoid system (ECS). The ECS is a major system within the human body, just like the endocrine system or the nervous system. Some researchers even consider the ECS the most important physiological system involved in establishing and maintaining human health. So, you may be naturally wondering--if this system is so important, why has it taken so long to learn about it? This is a great question.

CB1 and CB2 receptors are abundant throughout the body, which allow us to benefit from CBD Oil

We have actually known about the ECS for 25 years, after it was first discovered in the 1990's by L.A. Mastuda. Dr. Mastuda was studying how THC affected the body and during his research he discovered this complex network of cannabinoid receptors- CB1 and CB2. These endocannabinoid receptors are the most abundant neuromodulatory receptors in the body. These receptors can be found in the brain, organs, connective tissues, glands, and immune cells.

So, why is the Endocannabinoid system important?

The ECS performs different functions but is ultimately responsible for maintaining homeostasis within our body. In other words, the ECS helps the body maintain its balance and ensure our other systems are functioning properly. Balance is crucial to maintaining proper health. When we get sick, it is from a disruption in this balance. A damaged ECS can lead to Clinical Endocannabinoid Deficiency, which is responsible for many of the above disorders and conditions.

The ECS and cannabinoids also allow communication and coordination between different cell types. For example, when you get an injury, cannabinoids decrease the release of activators and sensitizers from the injured tissue, stabilize the nerve cells to prevent excessive firing, and calm nearby immune cells to prevent the release of pro-inflammatory substances. While there is still a lot of research to be done, one thing is clear--a functional ECS is essential for our health. 

The Endocannabinoid System and CBD

Now that you have a basic understanding of the ECS, let’s look at how CBD interacts with this system to better our health. Unlike synthetic pharmaceuticals, CBD Oil may contain dozens or even hundreds of different cannabinoids and terpenes (other molecules within the cannabis plant), all of which work together holistically to produce beneficial medical effects with little to no side effects. CBD Oil containing these cannabinoids and terpenes helps maintain homeostasis using the receptors found within the ECS. By providing your body with more CBD, you are restoring balance to your health. This increase in CBD provides therapeutic effects, support the ECS and enhances its signaling, reestablishing homeostasis.

CBD Receptors are among the most abundant in the body. These receptors help us maintain homeostasis, keeping us healthy and happy

As mentioned earlier, the ECS is also used to communicate and coordinate between other cell types and body systems. An example of such communication is with serotonin receptors. High concentrations of CBD directly activate the hydroxytryptamine serotonin receptor, causing an anti-anxiety effect. This receptor is also implicated in neurological processes including (but not limited to) anxiety, addiction, sleep, pain perception, nausea, and vomiting.


While we have laid the foundation, this is by no means a comprehensive understanding of how CBD works and interacts with our endocannabinoid system to restore our body to proper working order. We will continue to provide content concerning more in-depth information about these topics but in the mean time we strongly encourage you to perform your own research to get a better understanding of just how this beautiful process works. Pain is not a lifestyle. Take advantage of what CBD has to offer you today.